Sally’s three orchids are blooming! They lost their flowers at different times last year and looked about as dead as house plants could look. But she nursed the sad little remnants lovingly and hopefully, and a few weeks ago, they all decided to revive. Together, as though they had planned it!
This week the last bud burst into flower, and they spent some time modeling for me. For each of these images, I made focus stacks with 20 shots, which I then stitched together with Helicon Focus software.
We watched the beginning of the Democratic presidential candidate’s debate on Tuesday, but neither of us could make it to the end. What a mess! It was disappointing that the moderators didn’t ask questions about our true emergency issues, like the peril of nuclear holocaust and disastrous man-made climate change, and made the candidates look like quarrelsome children when they couldn’t keep order.
It seemed to me plain the debating contenders were all smart and reasonably honorable people, and for this alone any would be a huge improvement over Trump. I’m best aligned on policy issues and temperament with Elizabeth Warren, so I’ll be voting for her, but I’m coming to terms with the fact that this is not looking like her moment.
The Democratic establishment seems unhappy and uncomfortable with Bernie Sanders, and I can understand why. His mannerisms can be grating. More important, he seems serious about shaking up the status quo, which they are part of. The conventional establishment wisdom has it that as a self-declared democratic socialist, mainstream America won’t vote for him, but I’m not convinced that the socialist label is a serious impediment.
There’s never been a purely capitalist system in the US. Government subsidies for business are as American as apple pie. The free market system has at times brought great material progress, and at times political, social, and economic disaster. Idealizing capitalism as a perfect system is just silly, as is demonizing socialism.
I just finished rereading Yuval Noah Harari’s Sapiens, which is a brisk and spicey history of humankind. It begins with the early hominoids of a couple of million years ago, on through the first homo sapiens of 200,000 years ago, to their departure from Africa about 70,000 years ago, and the first agricultural civilizations of 12,000 years ago. He has a bit to say about a lot of big developments, including the industrial revolution.
Harari views capitalism (as well as communism and other isms), as equivalent to religions, inasmuch as they’re all shared systems of ideas that are only real insofar as groups of people adopt and share them. He points out that capitalism has been effective at producing wealth for elites, but it is essentially amoral. In its raw form, its only concern is profit.
To serve the profit objective, early capitalism developed the African slave trade and imperialism, and the misery and death entailed were of no concern. Only the looniest devotee of Ayn Rand views this raw form as an ideal. The rest of us think markets will not solve every problem, and that other values, like fairness and compassion, are at least as important as profit.
A lot of our climate crisis is related to unconstrained capitalism. The highly subsidized fossil fuel industry accounts for a good part of our greenhouse gas emissions, as well as the disinformation campaign that supports climate change denialism.
It therefore came as a pleasant surprise when Larry Fink, the chairman of Black Rock, recently issued a call to arms regarding climate change. Fink, who may be the world’s largest investor, issues an annual letter that the captains of industry read carefully and take seriously. This year he focused on sustainability and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. He presented this as a matter of preserving profitability, which will likely eventually go down if humans destroy more of the natural world. But of course, stopping global warming would have some other benefits, like saving millions and millions of lives.
In the letter, Fink also talked about the importance of “embracing purpose,” which he contrasted with simple concern for short-term profitability. He seemed to be saying that companies need to do more than make as much money as possible for investors, and should take account of the interests of other stakeholders. In other words, unalloyed capitalism needs to be alloyed with other values.
When I was a lad, part of our national religion, along with veneration of capitalism, was hatred and fear of communism. We were taught it was an evil force that would take over the world, unless we worked tirelessly to stop it. This fear turned out to be exaggerated, though we wasted many thousands of lives and millions of dollars before we understood that.
The upside of this sad history: it’s harder now to get people panicked about considering socialist policy choices. Bernie’s detractors will try the old time red scare tactics, but they probably won’t work. Of the possible reasons for opposing Bernie, moral panic about socialism is the weakest.